The district of Udhampur is located in the shiwalik range of Himalayas and the terrain is mostly mountainous. The upper reaches of the district experience snowfall in the winter season. The city of Udhampur is located at  in a relatively flatter part of the district at an elevation of 756 metres (2480 feet) and does not experience any snowfall.The city itself spreads on uneven hills of Shiwaliks.Udhampur is just 68 km ahead of Jammu city towards Srinagar.Katra too is only 23 km off Udhampur.
The city of Udhampur is governed by The Udhampur Municipal Council.Udhampur consists of four tehsils (administrative districts), namely Udhampur, Ramnagar, Chenani and Majalta.
Talking of Udhampur city in particular the climate is sub tropical. According to common Hindu belief there are six seasons experienced in the region. Summer temperatures donot cross 41 degrees while in winters mercury generally dips to 2 degrees or even sometimes to zero. Heavy downpour is also experienced. The annual rainfall is 900 cm mainly in monsoons and winters due to Western Disturbances.Ramnagar town nearby experiences heaviest annual rainfall in a year. Udhampur rarely experiences snow while there may be snow in upper reaches .This year it snowed and there was about 15 cm snow. Heavy hailstorms with piles of hail can be experienced in February and March but are very few.
|[hide]Climate data for Udhampur|
|Record high °C (°F)||24|
|Average high °C (°F)||18.8|
|Average low °C (°F)||1.2|
|Record low °C (°F)||−3|
|Rainfall mm (inches)||50.0|
|Source no. 1: BBC Weather|
|Source no. 2: IMD|
The culture of this area is PAHARI which resembles the culture of other areas of Duggardesh. The other part of the district has Dogra culture. Dogri is the main language spoken by the people of the district. The Dogri spoken here is known for its sweetness in tone. Their main language is DOGRI/PAHARI. The language is the rural and hilly areas has maintained its native purity, accent and sweetness. Gojri is also spoken by the Gujjar Community settled here and there. However, Dogri is main language spoken in the district. The district is culturally an integrated part of Jammu region and all important religious fairs like Lohri, Maha Shivratri, Id-ul-Fitr, Holi, Ramnavmi, Baisakhi, Basantpanchami, Martyr's day of Guru Arjun Dev, Raksha Bandhan, Janam Ashtami, Mahanavami, Dussehra, Diwali, id-ul-zuha, Guru Ravi Dass's b’day, Mahatama gandhi's b’day Guru Govind Singh's b’day, Chacha Nehru's birthday. Above all, the Independence Day and Republic Day are celebrated with great enthusiasm. Holy Navratras also provide special occasion for worship and pilgrimage to holy places culminating into small to big fairs.
According to the 2011 Indian census, Udhampur has a population of 1,42,778. Males constitute 66% of the population and females 34%. The large male percentage is due to the army constituting a large part of the city's population. Udhampur has an average literacy rate of 88%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 89%, and female literacy is 75%. In Udhampur, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Udhampur is well connected by road as it is located on National Highway 1A to Srinagar, which is the only national highway that connects Srinagar to the rest of India.. Bus services (both private and state owned) are the most common mode of public transportation to and from Udampur. Frequent connections to the Kashmir Valley and Jammu are easily available.
The town was recently connected by the new Kashmir Railway line leg 0 from Jammu which is part of a wider project to connect the Kashmir valley with the rest of India via a rail link. The "Uttar Sampark Kranti" train from [New Delhi] was the first train to run on this link in 2005. Commuter unresrved passenger trains linking Jammu and Udhampur (and pathankot also) also run on a daily basis and are quite popular. The rail link to Katra is also nearing completion(expected to be complete by 2013). Once finished, many more trains from different parts of the country are expected to pass by the city. More recently, three more trains were extended/run till Udhampur.
- Delhi sarai rohilla-udhampur Special
- Delhi-udhampur Jammu Mail
- ahmedabad-udhampur janmabhoomi express
- Delhi sarai rohilla-udhampur AC express
- Indore-udhampur malwa express
Places to visit
- Krimchi Group of Temples, ancient temples with history related to Mahabharata
- Vaishnodevi, one of the most reverred Hindu temples dedicated to Goddess Shakti
- Shivkhori, cave shrine dedicate to Lord Shiva
- Patnitop, a hill top tourist destination
- Baba Dhansar
- Siar Baba
- Bhimgarh Fort
- Kalika Temple
- Mansar lake
- Kali Mata Mandir REHAMBAL ( 1fod), 9 km from udhmapur town on Nh1A.
- Sanasar, 19 km from Patnitop, it is a hub of wilderness adventure camps and paragliding in Jammu.
- Nathatop, 11 km from Patnitop, en route to Sanasar, it offers scenic views of the surrounding Shivalik range and the Brahma massif of the Kishtwar Himalayas. It is also popular site for paragliding.
- Pancheri, one of the best hill station about 40 km from udhampur city; it is health resort with very pleasant weather; annual shankri devta mela is a big tourist attraction in summers
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Udhampur
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.